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Full text of "Alexander von Humboldt"

ALEXANDER YON  HXTMBOLBT.                     5
onjoyotl the ^ropiitalion of being the greatest
philologist atid critic of German style next to Klop-
Htoek, and  ho  probably.  In Major  von Humboldt's
houwe,   devoted' Im  attention  chiefly  to the study
of languages, and it IB not more than probable that
thiB name Campo should have laid the first foundation
iti  thowo  boyn, and  aroused  the   spirit  of research
•which never afterwards quitted them.    But we nmst
notices hero another influence of the teacher on the
life  of his pupiln,   especially  on  the  younger  one.
Cumpe had plainly seen .that the mode of education
and txiition till then adopted in families and institii-
tioiiB? only tended to develop the memory, not the
mind, of the student; he opposed, from the first, the
mechanical  training of youth, and  endeavoured to
develop the susceptibility of the youthful mind and
spirit by a perception of the world, of foreign natures,
men and manners.    Ooxxld not, then, this man, who
edited Hobinson Crusoe,  and enriched the juvenile
library with imaginative delineations of bold voyages,
coxild  ho  not,   as   Humboldt's  first  teacher,   have
influenced  the imagination and  the reason of  his
pxipiln, and laid the foundation in Alexander for Ms
love for exploratory voyages in distant regions ?
Campo did not remain for a. long period In the
intimate relation of tutor under the paternal roof of
the Humboldts. His iniMence over his pupils, how-
ever, continued during his life, and the friendship
between them remained a lasting one, and became
more intimate again in later years. It is a well-
known fact that Oampe accompanied the elder of the
brothers on a journey from Gottingen to Paris in the
summer of the year 1789 ; but we could not ascertain
with certainty whether Oampe had made a journey
through Germany and Switzerland with the two boys
while he was yet their tutor, as has been asserted "by
Schiller's circle at Jena.
Canape gave up his appointment as tutor^ to1 the
two boys in 1776, as his reputation for teaching wsfr
auch? that, after the retirement of the eeleiiraied